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《从初一看中考》讲座材料之英语知识和方法

http://www.newdu.com 2018-11-23 中考网 佚名 参加讨论

    初一知识掌握程度及学习方法>>>
    短短的初一上学期已经过去,似乎学生们才刚刚适应初中生活。但是,紧接着我们需要面对的不是轻松而是挑战。就最重要的语法知识而言,初一下的语法占据了中考考点的半数以上。考查内容涉及时态(8-4)、词法(8-5)、句法(9-5)三大方面。在短短一个学期内掌握如此密集的知识点,对孩子来说几乎就是一个不可能完成的任务。所以,很多学生因为知识点掌握不够或者是不系统造成成绩下滑,对于英语学习的积极性也有所减弱。因此,要想在初中英语学习阶段一飞冲天,避免成绩一落千丈,必须拿下初一下学期这一关键。
    那么,如何才能攻克初一下学期呢?
    首先,语法学习上,在保证同步掌握扎实的的情况下,超前一些学习,并且能够紧密联系中考。
    其次,扩展阅读,注重量的掌控和方法的运用。
    接着,作文适时适量练习,积累闪光词、词组和句型,改变学生作文苍白、简单的弱点。
    最后,注重考前的集中系统复习。
    初一下册语法点>>>
    1. 现在进行时
    考点:
    1.基本结构
    2.动名词变化规则
    3.一般现在时与现在进行时的区别及对比
    历届中考真题:
    1. My friend_______ me. I have to leave now. (2009河北,33)
    A. waits for  B. waited for C. is waiting for  D. was waiting for
    2. ---Shush, be quiet! The baby_____ in the next room.
    --- OK. Sorry. (2009 广东,39)
    A. sleep     B. slept         C. sleeps     D. is sleeping
    3. Thanks to our government, the areas on the west coast of Taiwan Strait are _______ rapidly.(2009 福建福州,35)
    A. develop      B. developed    C. developing   D. development
    4. Don't turn on the TV. Grandma________ now. (2008 北京,24)
    A. is sleeping    B. will sleep      C. slept         D. sleeps
    5. --- Where is Frank now?
    ---He ____ his bike in the yard. (2005 北京海淀)
    A. fixes up       B. fixing up     C. is fixing up   D. fixed
    2、一般将来时
    考点:
    1.will用法
    2.be going to用法
    3.进行表将来
    历届真题回放:
    1. Keep practicing and you ______ your English. (2009河北,36)
    A. improve  B. will improve  C. improved  D. were improving
    2. ---The TV show Home With Kids is so wonderful. You shouldn't miss it.
    ---If I have time, I _____ it. (2007 重庆,41)
    A. see         B. saw         C. will see        D. have seen
    3. I want to know if there ______ an English speech contest next month. If our school _______ it, I must get ready for it. (2007 黑龙江齐齐哈尔,24)
    A. will be; holds    B. will be; will hold    C. will have; hold
    4. The summer vacation will begin next week. David ____ to stay with us.(2006云南昆明,46)
    A. will be coming   B. comes     C. came   D. is coming
    5. ---Do you know when Dr White ______ for dinner this evening?
    ---No, but I think he ______ when he is free. (2008福建)
    A. will come; comes   B. will come; will come 
    C. comes; comes     D. comes; will come
    3、一般过去时
    考点:
    1.过去式变化规则
    2.各种句式(肯定、否定、一般疑问句及回答、特殊疑问句)
    历届真题回放:
    1. They _____her to the party, so she was very happy.(2009北京,29)
    A. invite    B. invited    C. will invite    D. are inviting
    2. ---When did your uncle _____ in Shanghai?
    ---- The day before yesterday. (2009 山西,22)
    A. arrive      B. get          C. reach
    3. ---When _____ your mother______ you that blue dress, Mary?
    ---Sorry, I really can't remember. (2008 湖北武汉,26)
    A. does; buy   B. has; bought    C. had; bought   D. did; buy
    4. The tour guide_____ autumn is the best season to visit Jiuzhaigou.(2008四川成都,11)
    A. talked      B. told          C. said
    5. ----How was your day off?
    ---Pretty good! We ___ the history museum. (2007 吉林长春,37)
    A. visit         B. visited       C. are visiting     D. will visit
    4、形容词、副词比较级和最高级
    考点:
    1.比较级及最高级的构成方法
    2.用法
    历届真题回放:
    1. This year the villagers have produced_______ rice _____ they did two years ago. (2009 天津,36)
    A. less; than    B. as less; as   C. fewer; than  D. as few; as
    2. It is not so ______ as yesterday, so there are____ people sitting in the square. (2009 四川成都,38)
    A. cold; fewer   B. warm; more    C. cold; more
    3. In Changsha, it's hot in July, but it's even_______ in August.(2009 湖南长沙,29)
    A. hot         B. hotter         C. hottest
    4. She always does her homework_____ than her brother.(2009 河北,35)
    A. more careful  B. careful        C. more carefully     D. carefully
    5. ---Would you please drive_____? My plane is taking off.
    ---I'd like to, but safety comes first. (2009 安徽,37)
    A. faster       B. better    C. more carefully     D. more slowly 
    学而思寒假班经典题目回放:
    1. My parents and I __________at home yesterday.
    A. were all  B. all were  C. were both    D. both were
    2. The twins                red skirts today. They look fine.
    A. are wearing   B. are putting on  C. are wear     D. put on
    3. It's 12 o'clock. The Green family________lunch. 
     A. have    B. has     C. are having     D. is having
    4. The second-hand camera is ________ than that new one.
    A. much more cheaper     B. much cheap 
    C. much cheaper    D. cheapest
    5. If Tom doesn't work hard, he will study ________Jack.
    A. as bad as       B. as well as   
    C. as badly as      D. as good as
    如何才能既得高分又培养能力呢?
    1.每天利用一刻钟进行听力训练,刺激耳脑对英文的敏感程度;
    2.每周看一部电影,学一首英文歌;
    3.多读课外书,扩大阅读量和词汇量;
    4.总结错题,对经常出错的知识点进行深入理解;
    5.对学过的知识点以及出题形式要做到心中有数。
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