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小学英语1-6年级常用情景对话汇总(附练习)

http://www.newdu.com 2020-06-28 普惠英才 佚名 参加讨论

    日常问候和答语
    1. Hello/ Hi你好。
    3. Good morning/ afternoon/evening. 早上/下午/晚上好。
    4. How are you(this morning/afternoon/evening)? 你今天早晨/下午/晚上好吗?
    5. Fine, thank you/ thanks. 我很好,谢谢。
    6. Not bad, thank you. 不错,谢谢。
    7. How do you do? 你好。
    8. Nice to meet /see you. 很高兴认识/见到你。
    告别、祝福和答语
    1. Goodbye/Bye . 再见
    2. See you! (See you later!)再见,回头见。
    3. Good night. 晚安。
    4. Happy birthday! 生日快乐! Thank you!谢谢!
    5. Happy New Year! 新年快乐!
    Happy New Year!/ The same to you!(大家共同的节日)
    6. Happy Children’s Day! Happy Women’s Day!
    7.Merry Christmas! 圣诞快乐!
    介绍和谈论人物
    1. My name is…/ I’m… 我的名字是…/ 我名叫…
    2. This is Miss/ Mr/ Mrs… 这位是…小姐/先生/女士。
    3. This is my friend. 这是我的朋友。
    4. He/ She is … 他是/她是…
    询问
    1.人:
    1)姓名
    1. What’s your name, please? 你的名字是什么? My name is …
    2. What’s his/her/its name? 她/他/它叫什么名字? Her/His/Its name is …
    2)年龄
    1.How old are you? 你多大了? I’m…
    2. How old is he/she/it? 她/他/它多大? She /He/ It is …
    3) 生日
    1.When is your /his/her birthday? It’s July 1st.
    4) 出处
    1. Where is/ are ….from? She is from American. 她来自美国。
    2. Where do/does… come from? She is from American. 她来自美国。
    5) 人物
    1. Who is he ? He is my brother. 他是我弟弟。
    6)职业
    1. What is he? He is a doctor. 他是医生。
    2. What does he do? He is a doctor.
    3. What’s his job? He is a doctor.
    7)外貌
    1. What is he like? He is short and thin. 他很矮很瘦。
    8) 喜好
    1. What do/does he like? He likes English.
    2. Do/does …like English? Yes, he does/ No, he doesn’t.
    9) 事情
    1. What’s the matter with you? 你怎么啦? I have a cold.我感冒了。
    2.物:
    1)颜色
    1.What colour is /are …? It’s / They are blue.
    2. Is your pen blue? Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.
    2)位置
    1. Where is /are …? It’s / They are on the desk.
    2. Is /Are … in/ on/under/…? Yes, it is ./ No, it isn’t.
    3) 名称
    1. What’s this? It’s a computer.
    2. What are these/those? They are…
    3. Is this/ that…? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
    4. Are these/ those…? Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.
    4) 数量
    1. How many boys are there in your class? Fifteen.
    5) 价格
    1. How much is this dress? It’s 5 yuan. 5元
    3. 其他
    1)天气
    1. What’s the weather like in Beijing? It’s sunny.
    2. How is the weather? It’s sunny.
    3. Is it sunny? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.
    2) 时间
    1. What time is it now ? It’s 5 o’clock.
    3)季节
    1.Which season is it? It’s summer.
    2. Which season do you like best? Summer.
    3. What’s your favourite season? Summer.
    4) 日期
    1.What’s the date? It’s May 5th.
    道歉和答语
    1. I’m sorry. 对不起。
    2. Sorry, I don’t know. 对不起,我不知道。
    3. Excuse me. 对不起,打扰一下。
    4. I have a cold. 我感冒了。I’m sorry to hear that. 我很遗憾听到这个消息。
    感谢和答语
    1. Thank you./ Thanks. 谢谢。You’re welcome. 不用谢。/ That’s OK. 没关系。
    2. It’s very kind of you (to help me ). 帮助我你真是太好了。
    请求允许和答语
    1.May I come in? 我可以进来吗?
    Come in, please. 请进。
    2. Can I have two cakes? 我能吃两个蛋糕吗?
    No, you can’t. 不,你不能。
    3. Can I have one,please? 我能吃一个吗?
    Yes./All right. Here you are. 好的。给你。
    4. Can I go with you? 我能和你一起走吗?
    Sure. 好的
    建议和劝告
    1. Shall we play football together?
    All right. 好的。
    2. Let’s go to school. OK/ Good idea.
    3. Don’t open your book. 不要打开书。
    邀请
    1. It’s time to get up/go to school… 到了起床/去学校的时候了。
    2. It’s time for dinner./ English class.
    到了(做)…的时候了。
    3. Would you like some cakes?
    Yes, I’d like. / No, thanks.
    问路和答语
    1)问路
    1. Excuse me, where’s the cinema? 请问,电影院在哪?
    2. Where’s the teachers’ office, please? 老师办公室在哪?
    3. Excuse me, how can I get to the post office? 请问,怎么走才能到达邮局?
    4. Can you show me the way to the bank, please? 你能告我去银行的路怎么走吗?
    5. It’s over there, near the Bank of China. 就在那儿,中国银行的旁边。
    6. How far is it from Beijing to Shanghai.? 北京离上海有多远?
    It’s 2hours by plane. 乘飞机要两个小时。
    7. Is it far from here? 离这儿远吗?
    No, it’s not. 不,不是很远。
    2)指路
    1. This way, please. 请这边走。
    2.You can take No.5 bus. 你可以乘5路车。
    3. Go straight/along/down. 先前直走。
    4. Turn left/ right. 向左/右转
    5. Sorry, I don’t know. You may go and ask him.
    对不起,我不知道。你可以去问他。
    购物
    1. Can I help you? 我能帮你吗?
    Yes, a dress for my daughter. 是的,给我女儿买条裙子。
    2.What can I do for you? 我能为你做点什么吗?
    I’d like …我想买。。。
    3. What do you want, a dress or a skirt? 你想要买什么?连衣裙还是短裙?
    4. How about the blue one? 这条蓝色的如何?
    5. How much is it/ are they? 多少钱?
    Fifty-nine yuan. 五十九元。
    6. What colour would you like? 你要什么颜色的?
    Green 绿色。
    7.What size do you want? 你要多大号码?
    Size 8. 八号。
    8. What / How about this red one? 这件红色的怎么样?
    9. It’s too big/small/expensive/….Do you have some big/small ones? 这件太小,你有大一点的?
    10.I’ll take it (them). 我买了。
    11. Here you are. 给你。Thank you.谢谢。
    打电话
    1. Hello, this is … / This is … speaking. 你好,我是。。。
    2. Can I speak to …, please? 我能找。。。接电话吗?
    3. Who’s that? / Who is speaking? 你是谁?
    4. Is that…? 你是。。。。吗?
    5. Hold on. / Just for a moment, please! 稍等, 别挂断。
    6. It’s for you. 你的电话。
    7.What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是什么?
    练习
    一、根据汉语情景,选择正确答案。
    1. 当你向你妈妈介绍你的老师时,应说: ( )
    A. This is my teacher, Miss Liu.
    B. This is my mother.
    C. Is this your mother?
    2. 你不知道今天星期几,想问同学,应说: ( )
    A. What day is today?
    B. What’s the weather like today?
    C. What's the date today?
    3 . 如果你同一位外国朋友初次见面,他对你说:How do you do?
    你应说:( )
    A. How are you?
    B. Hello!
    C. Hi!
    D. How do you do?
    4 . 你向同学Lin Tao介绍一位新来的外国小朋友Jim,应怎样介绍? ( )
    A. Jim, this is Lin Tao.
    B. Lin Tao, he is Jim.
    C. Lin Tao, this is Jim.
    D. Lin Tao, do you know Jim?
    5. 假如你是酒店服务员,该如何向顾客打招呼? ( )
    A. What do you want to eat?
    B. What do you like?
    C. What can I do for you?
    D. Sit down, please.
    6. 与陌生人相遇,该如何打招呼? ( )
    A. How are you?
    B. How do you do?
    C. Hello!
    D. Are you fine?
    7. 不小心碰倒了别人的茶杯,你应该向他说:( )
    A. Excuse me!
    B. I'm sorry.
    C. Never mind.
    D. Oh, my dear!
    8. 寻求别人帮助之前,你应说:( )
    A. Excuse me.
    B. I'm sorry.
    C. Can you help me?
    D. Thank you.
    9. 如果你问路,而对方说“不知道”时,你应该如何应答? ( )
    A. Thank you.
    B. You're welcome.
    C. Thank you all the same.
    D. Thanks a lot.
    10. 别人感谢你的帮助,你应回答: ( )
    A. Thank you all the same.
    B. Never mind.
    C. It doesn't matter.
    D. With pleasure!
    11. 别人拿了一本新书,你想看,你要说:( )
    A. Is this a book?
    B. What's this?
    C. May I have a look?
    12. 当你想知道今天的天气怎么样时,你会问:( )
    A. What's it?
    B. What’s the weather like today?
    C. What a fine day today!
    13. 你和伙伴坐在院子里,你不知道伙伴手中的玩具车是不是白色的,你会问:( )
    A. It isn’t white.
    B. It is black.
    C. Is it white?
    14. 李艳今天没到校,你向老师报告说:( )
    A. She is Li Yan.
    B. Li Yan is not here.
    C. Is Li Yan at school?
    15. 你想知道妈妈把你的帽子放在哪里了,你会问:( )
    A. Where is my hat, Mum?
    B. Where are you, Mum?
    C. Where is your hat, Mum?
    二、选择最合适的答案,将序号填入括号内。
    16. What’s your job? ______
    A. I’m thirteen.
    B. I like singing.
    C. I’m a singer.
    17. What’s the weather like today? ________
    A. It’s a sunny day.
    B. Don’t forget your raincoat.
    C. It’s Monday.
    18. _______? I like music.
    A. What do you do?
    B. Can I help you?
    C. What’s your hobby?
    19. How do you do? _________
    A. How do you do?
    B. How do you do, too?
    C. How old are you?
    20. Your dress is very beautiful. _________
    A. Oh, no.
    B. Thank you.
    C. Don’t say that.
    21. _________? 10 yuan.
    A. How many books do you have?
    B. How much is the book?
    C. How about the book?
    22. Hello! ______
    A. Goodbye, Mike.
    B. Hi! I’m Tom.
    C. This is Betty.
    23. Where are you from? _______
    A. I’m from China.
    B. I am a Chinese teacher.
    I’m from Chinese.
    24. How are you? ________
    A. I am nine.
    B. I am fine.
    C. I am a student.
    25. Where are the stamps? _________
    A. It’s in the book.
    B. They are in the book.
    C. They are Japanese stamps.
    26. How many children are there? ________
    A. Yes, there are.
    B. No, there isn’t.
    C. There are five.
    27. Would you like some bananas? _________
    A. I am sorry.
    B. No, thanks.
    C. No, you can’t.
    28. ________? Fine, thank you.
    A. How old are you?
    B. How is the day?
    C. How are you?
    29. What colour is it? __________
    A. It’s green.
    B. It’s a green.
    C. It’s Green.
    30. What’s the name of his cat? _______
    A. It’s a Chinese cat.
    B. It’s an English cat.
    C. Its name is Mimi.
    参考答案
    一、1-5 AADCC 6-10 BBACD 11-15 CBCBA
    二、16-20 CACAB 21-25 BBABB 26-30 CBCAC
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